Alice Walker is the first African American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for fiction and is best known for the acclaimed novel the Color Purple. In addition to her literary works, Walker is known as a feminist and women’s rights advocate, having taught African American women’s studies in a number of prominent universities, including Wellesley, the University of Massachusetts at Boston, Yale, Brandeis, and the University of California at Berkeley. In 2001 Walker was inducted into the Georgia Writers Hall of Fame. Emory University in Atlanta acquired Walker’s personal and literary archives in 2007 and began cataloging her papers the following year. After Walker reached international acclaim, she publicly announced that she was a lesbian.